A small bathroom can bring a lot of issues but there are tips and strategies you can implement to make your room work harder for you without sacrificing on style.
Before you begin planning your small bathroom, decide what are the most important elements you want to have and build from there but be prepared to compromise if space won't allow it. Start with the basics - toilet, bath and basin. Draw out a room plan (to scale) as this will be the most accurate way to determine how much you actually have room for and will allow you to check that you'll have enough room to move between fixtures and fittings. Try to keep as much as possible off of the floor and find a way to get them up on the walls. Your design will probably be dictated by where your waste pipe is, you can of course move it but that will be an additional cost to factor into your budget - you will have to determine whether the cost is worth it.
TIPS FOR MAKING YOUR SMALL BATHROOM MORE EFFIECIENT
An option to consider is to have your bathroom door open outwards rather than into the room where it can take up valuable space and potentially bash into sanitary-ware.
A smaller room can be adequately heated by a simple, heated towel rail - if you choose a shorter one you will be able to fit it beneath a bathroom cabinet.
Less is more - when you have limited space you have to really think about what you need and not just what you want as any item that takes up too much floor space is going to make the room look even smaller.
Make the most of every nook and cranny by considering furniture that can fit into an otherwise dead space. Corner toilets are the same size as standard toilets but made to fit into an alcove.
No matter how tight the space is always try to make room for a bath if it is the main, family bathroom.
Although shower curtains are a cheaper option they can overpower a bathroom and make them look darker. A glass shower screen will make your room look brighter as light can travel through it, making the room feel airy and more spacious.
A clean glass shower screen is preferable to frosted as a frosted screen will act more like a visual wall which will only make the room look smaller.
A combination vanity unit is a smart way to save on space and money as you don't have to pay out for a separate toilet, basin and vanity unit. They come in a range of styles and finishes so you can find exactly what you want to match your décor.
MIRRORS & LIGHTING
Use a big mirror. Mirrors reflect light and give the illusion of space - going for a frameless mirror will add an element of luxury and look more streamline. Be bold and go for as large a mirror as you can fit. If you can't fit one large mirror, try hanging a few smaller ones to create a similar effect. You could even try using mirrored tiles to brighten up your room.
If you have no window or want more concentrated lighting an LED mirror is a great option for brightening up the space. An LED mirrored cabinet goes even further and offers additional, much needed storage that doesn't take up precious floor space.
Make the most of any natural light from any windows by keeping them free from obstruction so you get sunshine throughout the day. Avoid hanging blinds or curtains that could make the room darker.
Open shelving can open up the space and give a relaxed feel.
Install good lighting - this might seem like a no-brainer but it's amazing how often people forget about it. Often a single, overhead bulb is not enough when using the bathroom at night or if you have no window to receive natural light in the daytime.
Keep things bright - it might seem boring but white will help make your room look bigger and brighter. You could break it up with pops of colour using accessories or perhaps a band of coloured tiles as too much white can sometimes be a little clinical. If you aren't a fan of white then bright pastel shades will work just as well.
Utilise internal wall space by creating recessed shelving and alcoves - you can hide your pipework, cistern and even install your mirrored cabinet into a recess.
A short projection toilet has a slimline cistern that will reduce how far the toilet projects into the room which can make all the difference to how much you can fit in or avoiding the swing of a door.
Make use of your bathroom door with an overdoor shelving/basket unit.
GO BIG WITH BATHROOM TILES
Choosing the right size tile can make all the difference to your small bathroom, whether on the walls or the floor, you want to make it feel bigger and brighter so it might seem a little counterintuitive but small rooms can actually benefit from using large tiles. Big tiles means fewer grout lines which prevents the grid-like, boxed in feel that can happen when using lots of much smaller tiles. A way to avoid the grout lines being so noticeable is to pick a grout colour that blends in with the tiles more seamlessly.
That doesn't mean you have to completely avoid small tiles - if there are some you have completely fallen in love with then by all means incorporate them into your design but it's better to use them sparingly in a limited area like in an alcove or the wall behind a shower fixture.